The use of the competency-based approach in the Cameroonian education system seven years ago has innovated pedagogical and didactic practices. This approach is considered one of the best to meet the demands and challenges of today's society, both economically and socially (Tayim, 2017). Although the education system has placed it at the center of its agenda, it must be acknowledged that there has not been much progress in practice regarding tools and mechanisms to implement the competency-based approach (ibid.). A first deficit is the lack of effective integration of this pedagogical approach in the current teacher training for both German and other subjects in Cameroon.
THEME: THE DEVELOPMENT OF TEACHERS' SKILLS THROUGH PRACTICAL INTERDISCIPLINARY WORKSHOPS: PEDAGOGICAL PROJECT AS A SOLUTION TO THE CHALLENGES OF IMPLEMENTING THE COMPETENCY-BASED APPROACH IN THE TEACHING OF GERMAN.
In order to address the challenges of applying the competency-based approach in the context of teaching German, the German Teachers Association of the Central Region of Cameroon and LCE-Cameroon have jointly developed a project with the strong support of our partner NGOs, Goethe Institute based in Cameroon and Netzwirkung based in Germany, to promote the practical competencies of teachers of the German language through interdisciplinary practical workshops.
In order to improve the quality of teaching and learning, as well as the efficiency of the use of competence orientation in Cameroonian DaF teaching, this project has the following goals:
This project comes in a context where, despite the introduction of a competency-based approach in our school system, but in practice, it is still theoretically designed.
Just as in other subjects, German teaching is much more exam-oriented and not competence-oriented as it should be according to the new approach. This could be due to the fact that teachers don't have enough time to cover all the programs.
There are other reasons why the introduction of competence orientation has not yet been effective like the lack of practical skills of teachers..
Unfortunately, good knowledge or theoretical knowledge is not enough to meet the demands of today's society, because, besides knowledge, practical competencies are essential.
The situation here is that the system only focuses on developing student skills, but we believe that the teacher should be the first model for the students. Thus, Teachers with practical skills are more equipped to effectively work with students.
Therefore, we are advocating a two-sided skills approach here rather than a one-sided approach, as has been the case.
We believe that teaching a foreign language is an interdisciplinary exercise. The teaching of German, Spanish, and English in Cameroon is based on five modules: family and socio-cultural life, environment, health and well-being, economic life, media, and communication, and citizenship.
The practical skills that learners can develop are integrated into various subjects such as biology, physics, chemistry, mathematics, etc. As part of a course on the Environment, Health, and Wellbeing module, for example, teachers can organize projects on soap making and its daily use. For this, these teachers must develop knowledge in the field of chemistry and/or involve a chemistry teacher.